Some interesting facts about the USA
– узагальнити вивчений матеріал по темі; активувати вивчену лексику у читанні, аудіюванні та діалогічному мовленні; закріплення вживання пасивного стану у мовленні;
– формувати комунікативну компетентністі учнів:
розвиток навичок монологічного та діалогічного мовлення, логічне мислення, пам’ять;
– закріпити навички вживання Passive Voice;
– розвивати пізнавальні здібності учнів та вміння висловлювати власну думку;
– виховувати позитивне ставлення до культури, звичаїв та традицій США; повагу до історичного минулого та сучасних надбань американців;
– поглибити знання учнів про історичні пам’ятки, визначні місця та мовні особливості американців.
Обладнання: мультимедійні презентації (USA, Animals of the USA, Sights of the USA), роздатковий матеріал (General Quiz, Inventions, The national Anthem), карта США, картки з датами, зразки винаходів, аудіо запис гімну, мелодія для релаксації, прапорці-бали.
Тип уроку: узагальнення
І. Організаційна частина
- Привітання. Повідомлення теми та мети. 2 хв.
Teacher: Good afternoon, everyone. Today we are travelling through the United States of America. You should try to express your opinion fluently and practise using the Pasive Voice during your speach.We have two teams: experts who will help us during our journey and tourists. For all your answers you will get a point. We’ll see the most active tourist and the people who know about USA more at the end of the lesson. And here is our guide.
Guide: Ladies and gentlemen! Welcome to the United States of America. I’m pleased to meet you. The weather is wonderful, and I hope that our journey will be too. Let me introduce myself. My name is… I am your guide and group leader. I shall accompany you everywhere. I’ll show you everything. You’ll travel through the country. You’ll visit cities and historical places, museums and theatres. There are a lot of interesting things to see. You’ll get to know the country and its capital. You’ll meet people and make friends. I hope that we’ll become friends.
Teacher: All of you will get the card with General USA Quize. You should answer all the guestions and they will influence the final resalt of the competition. Work in your copy-books please. Write down the date and look through these questions.
- Лексико–фонетична розминка. 3 хв.
Teacher: Do you know the how is the National Anthen called and when was it written? ( “The Star-Spangled Banner” 1814, congress adopted in 1931)
Teacher: Let’s sing the first and the most known part of it.
USA National Anthem
O! say can you see by the dawn’s early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming.
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming.
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
II Основна частина
- Актуалізація опорних знань. 5хв.
Teacher: Before our journey let’s listen to our experts. They are authorities in their fields of Geography and Economics. ( повідомлення загальних фактів з мультимедійною підтримкою)
- a) The USA is situated in the central part of the North American continent. Its western coast is washed by the Pacific Ocean and its eastern coast by the Atlantic Ocean. The area of the USA is over nine million square kilometres. Population is over 281 million people. The Capital is Washington, C. Largest cities are: New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia. Form of government – Federal republic. The head of state and the head of government is President.
The flag consists of 13 horizontal stripes. The stripes symbolize the 13 colonies that originally constituted the United States of America. The stars represent the 50 states of the Union.
Because of its stars, stripes, and colors, the American flag is frequently called the Star-Spangled Banner, the Stars and Stripes, or the Red, White, and Blue.
The bald eagle was designated as the national bird of the United States in 1782
Washington, D.C., city and district, is the capital of the United States of America. The city of Washington has the same boundaries as the District of Columbia (D.C.)
- b) The highland regions are the Appalachian Mountains in the east, and the Cordillera and the Rocky Mountains in the west. Between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains are the central lowlands, which are called the prairie and the eastern lowlands, called the Mississippi There are five Great Lakes, between the USA and Canada.The main rivers of the USA are Mississippi, the Colorado, the Columbia, the Saint Lawrence River and the Hudson River.
The USA is a highly developed industrial country, and its agriculture is highly mechanized. It holds first place in the capitalist world for production of coal, iron, oil and natural gas. Red-wood or sequoia is the tallest tree in the word. It grows in California. The largest department store is Macy’s (New York)
- Тваринний та рослинний світ. 3 хв.
Teacher: With the help of our experts everybody is ready, let’s start our journie.
Guide: We are beginning our journey in the most ancient English town in the USA. It is situated on the Atlantic coast. It was founded in 1620. Do you know its name? (It is New Plymouth.) Now we are on the American continent.
Teacher: The American continent differs very much from Europe. There are a lot of animals in America, which you can’t find in Europe. I am sure that you know about them. Let our experts give you some riddles about these animals.
Представники команд експертів ставлять запитання туристам супроводжуючи мультимедійною презентацією:
A big bird living in North America (bald eagle),
A large animal of the cat family having a golden fur with black spots (jaguar),
An American snake (rattle-snake),
The bison of North America (buffalo),
A small brightly coloured bird (humming-bird),
A bear with large head and body and brown or grey fur (grizzly-bear),
A toothless animal eats ants (anteater),
A small animal having brownish grey fur and black mask like markings (raccoon),
An animal of the dog family (coyote),
An animal having an armour like shell of plates (armadillo).
Teacher: But it is not only animals that are different. When the first Europeans came to America they saw many strange plants and they took some of them to Europe. Tourists, do you know which ones they were? (Potato, tomato, tobacco, cocoa, maize, etc.)
- Історичні факти. 4 хв.
Guide: Now along the Atlantic coast we are going to the city, which has played a very important part in the American history. I am sure you know this city very well. (It is Boston.)
Teacher: The USA is not an old country but it has a very interesting history. There are some dates. What do they mean to the Americans? Let’s ask our experts. (вчитель показує дату учні називають подію)
- In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered the American continent.
- In 1620 the first Englishmen came to America on the “Mayflower”.
- In 1773 an incident named the Boston Tea Party took place.
- From 1775 to 1783 the war for independence of American colonies from British rule lasted.
- In 1776 the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and some other people and adopted in Philadelphia.
- The US Constitution was adopted in 1788.
- 7. In 1801 Washington, the capital of the United States was built in District of Columbia.
- In 1848 the gold rush in California took place.
- President Lincoln freed the Negro slaves in 1863.
- From 1861 to 1865 the Civil War between the states lasted in America.
- In 1867 the United States bought Alaska from Russia, if I am not mistaken, for a little more than seven million dollars.
- In 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the Moon.
- Лексична робота. 4 хв.
Guide: Now we are going to visit the largest city of the USA. It is the industrial and cultural centre of the country. What city is it? (It is New York.)
For many people New York is the symbol of the USA. First it was inhabited by the Dutch, then by the English but people from all over the world live here now.
Teacher: Yes, that’s true. Descendants of people from all over the world live in the USA. Now they have a common history, culture and language. What language do the Americans speak?
Yes, English. But it is not the same language as the English people speak. There is a difference in the spelling of some words. Here are the words written the American way. Please, can two tourists come up to the blackboard and give the British spellings of the words.
Some things have different names in America to Great Britain. Please, write the American equivalents of these words.
5.Фізкультхвилинка. 1 хв.
Teacher: You know that the United States of America is a very large country. So let’s take a plane to get to the Pacific coast. Close your eyes and relax during the flight. Try to imagine, that your are flying over the American states. (музика для релаксацїї 30 сек)
Teacher: Tell me please, what have you imagine?
- Свята США. 5хв.
Guide: There are two great places of interest here, near Los Angeles. What are they? (They are Hollywood and Disneyland.)
Teacher: California is the land of everlasting holiday. But there are of course a number of national holidays in the country. Certanly, before talking about them, let’s revise how to form the Pasive Voice in Present and Past Simple. (student’s answer, teachers table)
Tourists can you tell us something about American holidays. Our experts are going to help us. (вчитель показує картку з назвою або датою свята)
- On the first of January, New Year’s Day, all banks, stores, factories and schools are closed. People do not go to bed until after midnight on December 31. They like to see “the old year out and the new year in”. Many people give parties on New Year’s Eve.
- The fourteenth of February is St. Valentine’s Day. It is a day of love and friendship. It is widely celebrated among persons of all ages by the exchange of special greeting-cards, valentines. Flowers and candy are favourite presents which friends and family give each other.
- On the second Sunday of May, Mother’s Day. Americans honour their mothers. They send their mothers a card or a gift, present flowers, prepare dinner for them.
- The last Monday in May is Memorial Day, or Decoration Day. It is dedicated to those who fell in the War of Independence, in World War I or as anti-fascist fighters in World War II. On this day, patriotic songs are also sung on the radio and TV.
- The Fourth of July is Independence Day. It is the biggest national holiday of the USA. The Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, when the American colonies were fighting for independence against England.
- On October 12, 1492, Columbus discovered the first island in America. The first celebration of the discovery, Columbus Day, was held in New York City in 1792.
- Halloween is celebrated on October 31. It is a holiday for young people and children. They make lanterns out of pumpkins. Some people make parties and dress up like ghosts and witches.
- Another holiday is Veterans’ Day on November 11. During the Day there are usually parades and ceremonies held in honour of those who fell in the two World Wars.
- Thanksgiving Day comes on the fourth Thursday in November. In the autumn of 1621, the Pilgrim Fathers celebrated their first harvest festival in America and called it Thanksgiving Day. Since that time Thanksgiving Day has been celebrated every year.
- Christmas is celebrated on December 25. It is a religious holiday. Just before Christmas day people send Christmas and New Year greetings to their friends and relatives. Stores, post-offices, banks and business places close for this day, schools and colleges close between Christmas and New Year’s Day. People usually stay at home at Christmas-time, and spend the day with their families.
- The greatest inventions and the famouse people. (взаємоперевірка: парна робота) 10 хв.
Teacher: But the Americans don’t just have holidays. They also work, and they work a lot. How do you think why these things are here today? ( they were invented in the USA)
New inventions are appearing every day. Many of them are made in the USA. Here are some things which were invented in America. Take the card and complete it, in pair check the answers.
Make the sentence in the Passive Voice, Past Simple (use the information in the box) as in the example:
|1879 by Thomas Edison, 1807 by Robert Fulton, 1927. Dr. Wallace Carothers, 1974 by Roberts, 1894 by J. Reno,
1947by John Bardeen, by Watson in 1962, 1872 by Thomas, 1886 by Pemberton, 1876 by Alexander Bell, 1854 by Otis
- telephone\ invent The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Bell.
- The electric light bulb\ invent
- The steamboat\ invent
- The nylon\ invent
- The transistor\ invent
- The structure of the DNA\ invent
- Chewing gum\ invent
- Elevator\ invent
- Coca-Cola\ invent
10.Escalator \ invent
- First personal computer (Altair 8800) \ invent
Teacher: While we are here, in California, let’s talk about famous people which were born or became the citizens of the USA. You should complete the table. (pupils answers)
- 8. Визначні місця. 4 хв.
Guide: Next we’ll visit the capital of the USA, Washington. It is not a large city. There is no industry in it, just administrative buildings and places of interest. What are they?
(The Capitol Building, the White House, the Lincoln Memorial, Fort Washington)
Teacher: Now let’s talk about some other places of interest in America. Maybe our experts can tell us about them. Tourists can help with additional information.
( розповідь супроводжується мультимедійною презентацією)
- The Statue of Liberty on the Manhattan Island meets people coming to America.
- Manhattan is an island, which forms the heart of New York. (Big Apple, the former name is New Amsterdam)
- The Empire State Building is a102 stored building which was build in 1931 in New York
- This is Columbia University in New York, Boston University, Yele and Harvard. These are the well-known American universities.
- In this picture you can see the Pentagon.
- And this is the Capitol, the seat of the Congress.
- The White House is the President’s residence.
- 8. The Washington Monument is also called the Pencil. It is 5 hundred and fifty five feet high.
- 9. The National Gallery of Art is also situated in Washington.
- 10. This is the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. It is situated on the Pacific coa
- 11. A bridge over the Niagara River connects the two states – Canada to the Left and the USA to the right.
- 12. This is the Grand Canyon. Arizona. It’s one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the world.
- 13. Mount Rushmore National Memorial, near Keystone, South Dakota, is a monumental granite sculpture by Gutzon Borglum of the heads of former United States presidents (left to right): George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln
- 14. Here you can see Disneyland built by Walt Disney Los Angeles.
ІІІ Заключна частина. 2 хв.
Teacher: I think that our journey is coming to the end.
- What is the former name of New York? (New Amsterdam)
- Who was the first president of the USA? (George Washington)
- How many states signed the Declaration of Independence? (13)
- Which is the largest state? (Alaska)
- What is the flag of the USA called? (Stars and Stripes)
- In what country was the Statue of Liberty made? (France)
- What is the highest building in Washington? (the Capitol)
- What is the name of the parliament? (Congress)
- What is the first state of the USA? ( Delawere)
- What is the oldest college of the USA? (Harvard)
- What is the longest river? (the Mississippi)
- What is the former capital of the USA? (Philadelphia)
And what about the quiz? Have you worked out all the answers? Count your points and write the number into your copy-books.
General Knowledge Quiz about the US
1.How many states are there in the US?.
- 49 b. 50 c. 51
2.What do Americans celebrate on July 4th?
- The Flag Day. b. The Discovery of America. c. The Independence Day.
3.In which year was the independence from England declared?
- 1776 b. 1876 c. 1676
4.Which president freed the slaves?.
- Thomas Jefferson b. George Washington c. Abraham Lincoln 5.Who was the first person to walk on the moon?
- John Glenn b. Jim Lowell c. Neil Armstrong
6.What was the name of the first ship that sailed to America?
- Pitta b. Sunflower c. Mayflower
7.Where’s the White House located?
- New York b. Washington, D.C. c. Houston
- New York City also known as …
- the Big Apple b. the Big Bear c. a Great City
- The holiday when children often go “trick or treating” is …
- Christmas b. Independence Day c. Halloween
- Two species of giant Sequoia redwood trees are found in…
- Washington DC b. California c. Kansas
- The largest department store in the world is situated in…
- Los Angeles b. Las Vegas c. New York
- What country presented The Statue of Liberty to the USA?
- Britain b. France c. Canada
- Alaska was sold for…millions dollars.
- 3 b. 5 c. 7
- Where is Pentagon situated?
- California b. Washington DC c. New York
- The Washington Monument is also called …
- Capitol b. the Empire State Building c. the Pencil
- IV. Підсумок та домашнє завдання. (диференціація) 1 хв
Teacher: Give me your cards, I’ll check them and count all your points. We’ll find out the winner at the next lesson. But the most active tourist today was….
You were great but had very common mistake …
Your hometask is to write the letter to your friend about this journie, express your feelings and impressions, mention about the useful information you’ve heard during the lesson.
Thank you for your participation.